While we keep aloof in general statements there is little fruit to be expected; it
is the hand-fight that does execution. David is not awakened by the prophet's hovering
at a distance in parabolical insinuations. Nathan is forced to close with him, and
tell him Plainly, Thou art the man.' Few will, in words, deny the necessity of the
new birth; but they have a self-deluding confidence that the work is not to be done
now. And because they know themselves to be free from that gross hypocrisy which
takesup religion merely for a colour to deceive others, and for covering wicked
designs, they are confident of their sincerity, and do not suspect that more close
hypocrisy, in which the greatest danger lies and by which a man deceives his own
soul. But man's deceitful heart is such a matchless cheat, and self-delusion so reigning
and so fatal a disease, that I do not know which is the greater, the difficultyor
the necessity of the undeceiving work that I am now upon. Alas for the unconverted,
they must be undeceived, or they will be undone! But how shall this be effected?
'Help, O all-searching Light, and let Thy discerning eye disclose the rotten foundation
of the self-deceiver. Lead me, O Lord God, as Thou didst the prophet, into the chambers
of imagery, and dig through the wall of sinners' hearts, and reveal the hidden abominations
that are lurking out of sight in the dark. O send Thy angel before me to open the
sundry wards of their hearts, as Thou didst before Peter, and make even the iron
gates fly open of their own accord. And as Jonathan no sooner tasted the honey but
his eyes were enlightened,so grant, O Lord, that when the poor deceived souls with
whom I have to do shall cast their eyes upon these lines, their minds may be illuminated,
and their consciences convinced and awakened, that they may see with their eyes,
and hear with their ears, and be converted, and Thou mayest heal them.'
This must be premised before we proceed, that it is most certain that men may have
a confident persuasion that their hearts and states are good while yet they are unsound.
Hear the Truth Himself who shows, in Laodicea's case, that men may be wretched, and
miserable, and poor, and blind, and naked, and yet not know it; yes, they may be
confident they are rich, and increased in grace (Rev iii 17). 'There is a generation
that are pure in their own eyes, and yet are not washed from their filthiness' (Prov
xxx 12). Who better persuaded of his state than Paul, while he yet remained unconverted?
(Rom vii 9). So that they are miserably deceived who take a strong confidence for
a sufficient evidence. They that have no better proof than barely a strong persuasion
that they are converted, are certainly as yet strangers to conversion.
But to come closer. As it was said to the adherents of Antichrist, so here; some
of the unconverted carry their marks in their forehead more openly, and some in their
hands more covertly. The apostle reckons up some upon whom he writes the sentence
of death, as in these dreadful catalogues which I beseech you to attend to with all
diligence: 'For this ye know, that no whoremonger, nor unclean person, nor covetous
man, who is an idolater, bath any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and of God.
Let no man deceive you with vain words; for because of these things cometh the wrath
of God upon the children of disobedience' (Eph v 54). 'But the fearful, and unbelieving,
and abominable, and murderers, and whoremongers, and sorcerers, and idolaters, and
all liars, shall have their part in the lake that burneth with fire and brimstone,
which is the second death' (Rev xxi 8). 'Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not
inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived.- neither fornicators, nor idolaters,
nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind, nor thieves,
nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners, shall inherit the kingdom
of God' (1 Cor vi 9-10). Woe to them that have their name written in this catalogue.
Such may know, as certainly as if God had told them from heaven, that they are unsanctified,
and under an impossibility of being saved in this condition.
There are then these several classes that, past all dispute, are unconverted; they
carry their marks in their foreheads.
 The unclean. These are ever reckoned among the goats, and have their names, whoever
else is left out, in all the fore-mentioned catalogues.
 The covetous. These are ever branded for idolaters, and the doors of the kingdom
are shut against them by name.
 Drunkards. Not only such as drink away their reason, but withal, yea, above all,
such as are too strong for strong drink. The Lord fills His mouth with woes against
these, and declares them to have no inheritance in the kingdom of God (Is v 11, 12,
22; Gal v 21).
 Liars. The God that cannot lie has told them that there is no place for them
in His kingdom, no entrance into His hill; but their portion is with the father of
lies, whose children they are, in the lake of burnings (Rev xxi 8, 27; Jn viii 44;
Prov vi 17).
 Swearers. The end of these, without deep and speedy repentance, is swift destruction,
and most certain and unavoidable condemnation (Jas v 12; Zech v 1-3).
 Railers and backbiters that love to take up a reproach against their neighbour,
and fling all the dirt they can in his face, or else wound him secretly behind his
back (Ps xv 1, 3; 1 Cor v 11).
 Thieves, extortioners, oppressors, that grind the poor, or defraud their brethren
when they have opportunity. These must know that God is the avenger of all such (1
Thess iv 6). Hear O ye false and purloining and wasteful servants; hear, O ye deceitful
tradesmen, hear your sentence! God will certainly shut His door against you, and
turn your treasures of unrighteousness into the treasures of wrath, and make your
ill-gotten silver and gold to torment you, like burning metal in your flesh (Jas
 All that do ordinarily live in the profane neglect of God's worship, that do
not hear His Word, that do not call on His name, that restrain prayer before God,
that do not mind their own nor their families' souls, but live without God in the
world (Jn viii 47: Job xv 4; Ps xiv 4; Ps lxxix 6; Eph ii 12 and iv 18).
 Frequenters and lovers of vain company. God has declared that He will be the
destroyer of all such, and that they shall never enter into the hill of His rest
(Prov ix 6 and xiii 20).
 Scoffers at religion, that make a scorn of precise living, and mock at the messengers
and diligent servants of the Lord, and at their holy profession, and make themselves
merry with the weakness and failings of professing Christians. 'Hear, ye despisers,'
hear your dreadful doom (Prov xix 29; 2 Chron xxxvi 16).
Sinner, consider diligently whether you are not to be found in one of these ranks,
for if this is the case, you are in the gall of bitterness and bond of iniquity;
for all these do carry their marks in their foreheads, and are undoubtedly the sons
of death. And if so, the Lord pity our poor congregations. O how small a number will
remain when these ten sorts are left out.
Sirs, what efforts you make to keep up your confidence of your good state when God
from heaven declares against you, and pronounces you in a state of damnation! I would
reason with you, as God with them, 'How cant thou say, I am not polluted? See thy
way in the valley; know what thou hast done' (Jer ii 23). Man, is not your conscience
aware of your tricks of deceit, of your secret sins, of your way of lying? Yea, are
not your friends, your family, your neighbours, witnesses to your profane neglect
of God's worship, to your covetous practices, to your envious and malicious behaviour?
May they not point at you as you go, `There goes a gaming prodigal; there goes a
drunken Nabal, a companion of evil-doers; there goes a railer, or a scoffer, or a
loose-liver!' Beloved, God has written it as with a sunbeam in the Book by which
you must be judged, that these are not the marks of His children, and that none such,
except renewed by converting grace, shall escape the damnation of hell.
O that you would now be persuaded to repent and turn from all your transgressions,
or else iniquity will be your ruin (Ezek xviii 30). Alas, for poor hardened sinners.
Must I leave you at last where you are? Must I leave the drinker still at his bar?
Must I leave the malicious still in his venom? However, you must know that you have
been warned, and that I am clear of your blood; and whether men will hear, or whether
they will forbear, I will leave these Scriptures with them, which will prove either
as thunderbolts to awaken them, or as searing-irons to harden them. 'God shall wound
the head of his enemies, and the hairy scalp of such an one as goeth on still in
his trespasses.' 'He that, being often reproved, hardeneth his neck, shall suddenly
be destroyed, and that without remedy.' 'Because I have called, and ye refused, I
have stretched out my hand, and no man regarded, I will laugh at your calamity —
when your destruction cometh as a whirlwind' (Ps lxviii 21; Prov xxix 1; Prov i 24-27).
And now I imagine many will begin to bless themselves, and think all is well, because
they cannot be reproached with these grosser evils. But I must tell you that there
is another sort of unsanctified persons, who carry their mark not in their foreheads
but more secretly and covertly. These frequently deceive themselves and others,
and pass for good Christians, when they are all the while unsound at heart. Many
pass undiscovered till death and judgment bring all to light. These self-deceivers
seem to come even to heaven's gate with confidence of their admission, and yet are
turned away at last (Mt vii 22). I beseech you deeply to lay to heart and firmly
retain this awakening consideration, that multitudes perish by the hand of some secret
sin, that is not only hidden from others, but from want of observing their own hearts,
is hidden even from themselves. A man maybe free from open pollutions, and yet die
at last by the hand of some unobserved iniquity; and there are these twelve hidden
sins, through which souls go down by numbers into the chambers of eternal death.
These you must search carefully for, and take them as black marks wherever they
are found, revealing a graceless and unconverted state; and as you love your lives,
read carefully with a holy jealousy of yourselves, lest you should be the persons
 Gross Wilful ignorance (Hos iv 6). O how many poor souls does this sin kill in
the dark, while they think verily they have good hearts, and are all set for heaven.
This is the murderer that despatches thousands in a silent manner, when they suspect
nothing, and do not see the hand that destroys them. You shall find, whatever excuses
you make for ignorance, that it is a soul-ruining evil ([s xxvii 11; 2 Thess i 8;
2 Cor iv 3). Ali, would it not have grieved a man's heart to see that dreadful spectacle
when the poor Protestants were shut up in a barn, and a butcher came, with his hands
warmed in human blood, and led them one by one, blindfold, to a block where he slew
them one after another, by scores, in cold blood? But how much more should your hearts
bleed to think of the hundreds that ignorance destroys in secret and leads blindfold
to the block. Beware that this is not your case. Make no plea for ignorance; if you
spare that sin, know that it will not spare you; and would a man keep a murderer
in his bosom ?
 Secret reserves in closing with Christ. To forsake all for Christ, to hate father
and mother, yea, a man's own life for Him, 'This is a hard saying' (Lk xiv 26). Some
will do much, but they will not have the religion that will save them. They never
come to be entirely devoted to Christ, nor to be fully resigned to Him. They must
have the sweet sin, they mean to do themselves no harm; they have secret exceptions
for life, liberty, or estate. Many take Christ thus, and never consider His self-denying
terms, nor count the cost; and this error in the foundation mars all, and ruins them
forever (Lk xiv 28-33).
 Formality in religion. Many rest in the outside of religion and in the external
performance of holy duties. And very often this most effectually deceives men, and
more certainly undoes them than open profaneness; as it was in the Pharisee's case.
They hear, they fast, they pray, they give alms, and therefore will not believe but
their case is good. Whereas, resting in the work done, and coming short of the heart-work
and the inward power and vitality of religion, they fall at last into the burning,
from the flattering hope and confident persuasion of their being all set on the way
to heaven. Oh dreadful case, when a man's religion shall serve only to harden him,
and effectually to delude and deceive his own soul!
 The prevalence of wrong motives in holy duties. This was the bane of the Pharisees.
Oh how many a poor soul is undone by this, and drops into bell before he discerns
his mistake! He performs his 'good duties' and so thinks all is well, but does not
perceive that he is actuated by carnal motives all the while. It is too true that
even with the really sanctified many carnal ends will often creep in; but they are
the matter of their hatred and humiliation, and never come to be habitually prevalent
with them, and bear the greatest sway. But when the main thing that ordinarily moves
a man to religious duties is some carnal end — as to satisfy his conscience, to get
the reputation of being religious, to be seen of men, to show his own gifts and talents,
to avoid the reproach of being a profane and irreligious person, or the like —this
reveals an unsound heart. Oh Christians, if you would avoid self-deceit, see that
you mind not only your actions but your motives.
 Trusting in their own righteousness. This is a soul-ruining mischief. When men
trust in their own righteousness they do indeed reject Christ's. Beloved, you had
need be watchful on every hand, for not only your sins, but your duties may undo
you. It maybe you never thought of this; but so it is, that a man may as certainly
perish by his seeming righteousness and supposed graces as by gross sins; and that
is, when a man trusts to these as his righteousness before God, for satisfying His
justice, appeasing His wrath, procuring His favour, and obtaining His pardon. This
is to put Christ out of office, and make a Saviour of our own duties and graces.
Beware of this, O professing Christians; you are much in duties, but this one fly
will spoil all the ointment. When you have done most and best, be sure to go out
of yourselves to Christ; reckon your own righteousness as filthy rags (Phil iii
9; Is lxiv 6).
 A secret enmity against the strictness of religion. Many moral persons, punctilious
in their formal devotions, have yet a bitter enmity against strictness and zeal,
and hate the life and power of religion. They do not like this forwardness, nor that
men should make such a stir in religion. They condemn the strictness of religion
as singularity, indiscretion, and intemperate zeal, and with them a zealous preacher
or fervent Christian is but a wild enthusiast. These men do not love holiness as
holiness (for then they would love the height of holiness), and therefore are undoubtedly
rotten at heart, whatever good opinion they have of themselves.
 The resting in a certain degree of religion. When they have so much as will save
them, as they suppose, they look no farther, and so show themselves short of true
grace, which always sets men aspiring to perfection (Phil iii 13; Prov iv 18).
 The predominant love of the world. This is the sure evidence of an unsanctified
heart. 'If any man love the world, the love of the Father is not in him' (1 Jn ii
15). But how often does this sin lurk under the fair cover of forward profession.
Yea, such a power of deceit is there in this sin that many times, when everybody
else can see the man's worldliness and covetousness, he cannot see it himself, but
has so many excuses and pretences for his eagerness after the world, that he blinds
his own eyes and perishes in his self-deceit. How many professing Christians are
there with whom the world has more of their hearts and affections than Christ, 'who
mind earthly things', and thereby are evidently after the flesh, and likely to end
in destruction (Rom viii 5; Phil iii 19). Yet ask these men, and they will tell you
confidently they prize Christ above all; for they do not see their own earthly-mindedness
for want of a strict observance of the workings of their own hearts. Did they but
carefully search, they would quickly find that their greatest satisfaction is in
the world, and that their greatest care and main endeavour are to get and secure
the world, which are the certain signs of an unconverted sinner. May the professing
part of the world take earnest heed lest they perish by the hand of this sin unobserved.
Men may be, and often are, kept off from Christ as effectually by the inordinate
love of lawful comforts, as by the most unlawful courses.
 Reigning malice and envy against those that disrespect them, and are injurious
to them. Oh how do many that seem to be religious, remember injuries and carry grudges,
rendering evil for evil, loving to take revenge, wishing evil to them that wrong
them. This is directly against the rule of the Gospel, the pattern of Christ, and
the nature of God. Doubtless, where this evil is kept boiling in the heart, and is
not hated, resisted, and mortified, but habitually prevails, that person is in the
very gall of bitterness, and in a state of death (Mt xviii 32-35; 1 Jn iii 14-15).
 Unmortified pride. When men love the praise of men more than the praise of God,
and set their hearts upon men's esteem, applause, and approbation, it is most certain
that they are yet in their sins, and strangers to true conversion (Jn xii 43; Gal
i 10). When men do not see nor complain nor groan under the pride of their own hearts,
it is a sign they are stark dead in sin. Oh how secretly does this live and reign
in many hearts, and they know it not, but are very strangers to themselves (Jn ix
 The prevailing love of pleasure. This is a black mark. When men give the flesh
the liberty that it craves and pamper and please it, and do not deny and restrain
it; when their great delight is in gratifying their bellies and pleasing their senses;
whatever appearances they may have of religion, all is unsound. A flesh-pleasing
life cannot be pleasing to God. 'They that are Christ's have crucified the flesh',
and are careful to keep it under as their enemy (Gal v 24; 1 Cor ix 25-27).
 Carnal security, or a presumptuous confidence that their condition is already
good. Many cry, 'Peace and safety', when sudden destruction is coming upon them.
This was that which kept the foolish virgins sleeping when they should have been
working — upon their beds when they should have been at the markets. They did not
perceive their lack of oil till the bridegroom was come; and while they went to
buy, the door was shut. And oh that these foolish virgins had no successors! Where
is the place, yea, where is the house almost, where these do not dwell ? Men are
willing to cherish in themselves, upon ever so slight grounds, a hope that their
condition is good, and so are not concerned about a change, and by these means perish
in their sins. Are you at peace? Show me upon what grounds your peace is maintained.
Is it Scripture peace? Can you show the distinguishing marks of a sound believer?
Can you evidence that you have something more than any hypocrite in the world ever
had ? If not, fear this peace more than any trouble; and know that a carnal peace
commonly proves the most mortal enemy of the soul, and whilst it smiles and kisses
and speaks fairly, it fatally smites, as it were, under the fifth rib.
By this time I think I hear my readers crying out, with the disciples, 'Who then
shall be saved?' Set out from our congregations all those ten ranks of the profane
on the one hand, and then take out all these twelve classes of self-deceiving hypocrites
on the other hand, and tell me whether it is not a remnant that shall be saved. How
few will be the sheep that shall be left, when all these shall be separated and set
among the goats. For my part, of all my numerous hearers, I have no hope to see any
of them in heaven that are to be found among these twenty-two classes that are here
mentioned, except by sound conversion they are brought into another condition.
And now, conscience, do your work. Speak out, and speak home to him that hears or
reads these lines. If you find any of these marks upon him, you must pronounce him
utterly unclean. Do not take a lie into your mouth. Do not speak peace to him to
whom God speaks no peace. Do not let sense bribe you, or self-love or carnal prejudice
blind you. I summon you from the court of heaven to come and give evidence. As you
will answer it at your peril, give a true report of the state and case of him that
reads this book. Conscience, will you altogether hold your peace at such a time as
this? I adjure you by the living God that you tell the truth. Is the man converted,
or is he not? Does he allow himself in any way of wickedness, or does he not? Does
he truly love, and please, and prize, and delight in God above all things, or not?
Come, give a definite answer.
How long shall this soul live in uncertainty? O conscience, bring in your verdict.
Is this man a new man, or is he not? How do you find it? Has there passed a thorough
and mighty change upon him, or not? When was the time, where was the place, or what
were the means by which this thorough change of the new birth was wrought in his
soul? Speak, conscience; or if you cannot tell the time and place, can you show
Scripture evidence that the work is done? Has the man ever been taken off from his
false foundation, from the false hopes and false peace in which once he trusted?
Has he been deeply convinced of sin, and of his lost and undone condition, and brought
out of himself, and off from his sins, to give himself up entirely to Jesus Christ?
Or do you not find him to this day under the power of ignorance, or in the mire of
worldliness? Have you not found upon him the gains of unrighteousness? Do you not
find him a stranger to prayer, a neglecter of the Word, a lover of this present world?
Do you not sometimes catch him in a lie? Do you not find his heart fermented with
malice, or burning with lust, or going after his covetousness? Speak plainly to all
the forementioned particulars. Can you acquit this man, this woman, from being in
any of the twenty-two classes here described? If he is found in any of them, set
him aside; his portion is not with the saints. He must be converted and made a new
creature, or he cannot enter the kingdom of God.
Beloved, do not be your own betrayers. Do not deceive your own hearts, nor set your
hands to your own ruin by a wilful blinding of yourselves. Set up a tribunal in
your own breasts. Bring the Word and conscience together. 'To the law and to the
testimony.' Hear what the Word concludes of your state. Oh follow the search till
you find how the case stands. Make a mistake here, and you perish. And, such is the
treachery of the heart, the subtlety of the temper, and the deceitfulness of sin,
all conspiring to flatter and deceive the poor soul; and so common and easy it is
to make a mistake, that it is a thousand to one that you will be deceived, unless
you are very careful and thorough and impartial in the inquiry into your spiritual
condition. Oh therefore be diligent in your work; go to the bottom, search with candles;
weigh yourself in the balance, come to the standard of the sanctuary; bring your
coin to the touchstone. Satan is a master of deceit; he can draw to the life; he
is perfect in the trade; there is nothing which he cannot imitate. You cannot wish
for any grace, but he can fit you with a counterfeit. Be jealous; trust not even
your own heart. Go to God to search you and try you, to examine you and prove your
reins. If other helps do not suffice to bring all to an issue, but you are still
at a loss, consult some godly and faithful minister or Christian friend. Do not rest
till you have put the business of your eternal welfare out of doubt.
'O Searcher of hearts, set this soul searching, and help him in his search.'